Qing Dynasty Daoguang Mark Famille Rose Bowl
AGE: – Qing Dynasty – Daoguang 1821-50AD
TOP DIAM: – 23cm
HEIGHT: – 9.5cm
BASE DIAM: – 8.5cm
WEIGHT: – 70gms
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This beautifully hand-painted Qing Dynasty Daoguang Mark Famille Rose Bowl is decorated with flowers, foliage and chickens on the outside with a couple of swallows and peaches on the inside. The gilding around the rim is worn, otherwise no cracks or chips.
The Daoguang period between 1821-1850 was a turbulent time in Chinese history, marked by internal rebellions, foreign invasions, and opium wars. The Qing dynasty, which had ruled China since 1644, was facing a crisis of legitimacy and authority. The emperor Daoguang, who succeeded his father Jiaqing in 1820, tried to restore the glory and stability of his ancestors but faced many challenges and difficulties.
One of the areas that Daoguang showed interest and patronage was the production of ceramics, especially porcelain. Porcelain had been a symbol of Chinese culture and civilization for centuries and was highly valued by both domestic and foreign markets. Daoguang inherited the legacy of his predecessors, especially Kangxi (1662-1722), Yongzheng (1723-1735), and Qianlong (1736-1796), who had supported and promoted the development of porcelain art and technology.
Daoguang period ceramics can be divided into two main categories Imperial and export.
- Imperial ceramics were made for the use and enjoyment of the emperor and his court, while export ceramics were made for foreign trade, mainly with Europe and America. Imperial ceramics were marked with reign marks, which recorded the name of the dynasty and the emperor, while export ceramics were often decorated with motifs and designs that catered to the tastes and preferences of overseas customers.
- Imperial ceramics of the Daoguang period continued the tradition of excellence and innovation that characterized the previous reigns. The imperial kilns in Jingdezhen, the main centre of porcelain production in China, employed skilled craftsmen and artists who experimented with various shapes, colours, glazes, and techniques.
Qing Dynasty Daoguang Mark Famille Rose and Famille Verte Bowls:
- Famille rose: – A type of enamel decoration that used opaque white as a base for painting delicate flowers, figures, landscapes, and scenes in bright colours. Famille rose was introduced in the Yongzheng period and reached its peak in the Qianlong period. Daoguang period famille rose continued this trend but also added some innovations, such as using coral red as a ground colour, or applying gold or silver on the surface.
- Famille verte: – A type of enamel decoration that used transparent green as a base for painting flowers, birds, animals, and scenes in various colours. Famille verte originated in the Kangxi period and revived in the Daoguang period. Daoguang period famille verte was more refined and elegant than its predecessor and often combined with other techniques, such as underglaze blue or copper red.
- Doucai: – A type of decoration that combined underglaze blue with overglaze enamels. Doucai means “contrasting colours” in Chinese, and refers to the harmonious contrast between the blue outlines and the colourful fillings. Doucai was first developed in the Chenghua period (1465-1487) of the Ming dynasty and reached its zenith in the Yongzheng period. Daoguang period doucai followed the Yongzheng style but also introduced some new motifs and patterns, such as dragons, phoenixes, bats, peaches, lotuses, etc.
- Monochromes: – A type of porcelain that had a single colour on the body or the glaze. Monochromes were popular throughout the history of Chinese ceramics but reached a high level of sophistication and variety in the Qing dynasty. Daoguang period monochromes included colours such as yellow, green, blue, red, white, black, brown, purple, etc. Some of them had special names and effects, such as “peach bloom” (a mottled pink glaze), “flambé” (a flamboyant red glaze with purple streaks), “powder blue” (a pale blue glaze with tiny bubbles), etc.
Export ceramics of the Daoguang period were mainly produced for the European and American markets, which had a strong demand for Chinese porcelain since the 16th century. Export ceramics were influenced by the styles and tastes of foreign customers, who often ordered specific shapes and designs.